Glossary: Words That Need Definitions

This page will grow with definitions of words and terms I use in my articles. Don’t hesitate to suggest any terms you want me to add or any terms you want more explanation of.

Absorption: The attraction and entrapment of one substance INTO the structure of another substance

Adsorption: The attraction and entrapment of one substance ONTO the surface of another substance

Aerobic: Pertaining to or caused by presence of oxygen.

Anaerobic: Pertaining to or caused by the absence of oxygen.

Aquifer: An underground layer of permeable rock or unconsolidated material(sand, gravel, etc) which is saturated with water.

Backwash: The flushing of water backwards through a filter to remove any trapped particles.  Done to renew a filter.

Breakthrough: When water pressure forces itself through a filter and creating a hole in the filter media, thereby bypassing any and all filtration.

Casing: The outer shell of the well structure, commonly made from metal or plastic but can be made of wood or stone.

Disinfection: The removal or inactivation of pathogenic organisms.

DBPs: Acronym for Disinfection Byproducts. Carcinogenic compounds formed during disinfection.

Exfiltration: When water of an inferior quality leaks from a pipe, container, sewer into the surrounding soil and groundwater.  This is usually caused from cracks and loose joints and over or high pressurizing of the water system.

Groundwater: Water stored under the Earth’s surface including water under the ocean bottom.

Heavy: An element with a boiling point lower than water.

Infiltration: When water on an inferior quality enters the pipe, casing, watermain, container containing drinking water quality.  This is usually caused from cracks and loose joints and under or low pressurizing of the water system.

Pathogen: Microscopic organisms which cause disease in humans. Can be bacteria, viruses, protoza or any other type of microscopic organism.

PCC: Persistent Organic Contaminant

Precipitate: The solids that form during a chemical reaction and settle to the bottom.

Prepper: Someone who prepares ahead of time for emergencies and service disruptions.

Prepping: The act of preparing ahead of time for emergencies and service disruptions.

Residual: Something left over after the job is done, with disinfecting water it is the left over disinfectant after disinfection has occurred.

SHTF: Acronym for Shit Hit The Fan

Sloughing: The breaking away of previously filtered particles from the filter and reentering the water.

Subsidence: The collapsing of soil particles into the void created by removing groundwater.

Supernatant: The liquid above a settled solid (precipitate) in a liquid solution or chemical reaction.

TEOTWAWKI: Acronym for The End Of The World As We Know It

Turbidity: Measure of the light scattering ability of water. Measures the levels of sediment in water.

Volatile: An element with a boiling point lighter than water.

Water Table: The depth where soil starts to contain water.

Well: Structure used to access ground water.

Well Pump: Mechanical means of extracting water from a well.

WTP: Water Treatment Plant.

WWTP: Waste Water Treatment Plant.

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12 thoughts on “Glossary: Words That Need Definitions

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